Tapioca pellets are a high-starch feed ingredient produced from the roots
of the tapioca, manioc, or cassava plant. Tapioca is a topical perennial root
crop, which is widely grown is Southeast Asia, Africa and Central America.
After harvest, the roots of the plant are sliced into chips and dried in the
sun. Subsequently, the chips are pelleted (8mm) and are mainly utilized for
the production of starch for human food and industrial uses, and stockfeed applications.
Thailand is world leader in tapioca product exports for stockfeed with the
European Union as their biggest market. Because it is a starch-rich feed, tapioca
is used as a substitute for cereals in practically all livestock rations. Tapioca
pellets, which recently have been introduced in New Zealand, can have valuable
potential as a supplement in pasture based dairy cattle rations.
Features and benefits:
- Tapioca pellets are a starch rich supplement and provide fast fermentable
rumen available energy.
- Highly available energy from tapioca pellets can be utilized to ‘capture’
rapidly degradable protein concentrations from pasture into microbial protein
which can be utilized for milk protein production.
- Starch from tapioca pellets provides fuel for propionate producing bacteria
driving milk yield, cow condition and reproductive performance.
- Tapioca pellets are palatable and stimulate total dry matter intake.
- Tapioca pellets are best fed in conjunction with moderate and slow fermentable
carbohydrates to prevent acidosis issues and to provide consistent ruminal
fermentation over time.
Tapioca pellets are not suitable for ad lib feeding as they put the cow at
risk of ruminal acidosis. Total dietary levels of starch and soluble sugars,
NDF and effective fibre should be monitored when feeding tapioca pellets. Inclusion
levels of around 20% of total dry matter intake are possible. Introduce tapioca
pellets gradually to allow the rumen to adapt accordingly. Splitting the daily
allowance over two feeds will further reduce the risk of rumen disorders. When
feeding out, prevent individual animals to gorge rapidly on tapioca pellets.
To control maximum intake levels of rapidly fermentable carbohydrate sources
like tapioca pellets, it is most optimal to supply pre-blended mixtures. Consult
your nutritionist or farm consultant to work out the most optimal inclusion
level for your particular situation.
Like all feedstuffs, tapioca pellets should be stored dry, in bulk bins or
placed on cement slabs (away from vermin and covered and protected from the
Suggested maximum inclusion levels In total rations for other species:
||Max. inclusion level (%)
Typical nutritional analysis:
|Crude fibre, %